Disiplinlerarası Çalışmalar Dergisi Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies

The artist's signature in Shehzade Mehmet Complex and the innovations that he contributed to Turkish ornaments

Artists' signatures are of great importance to get acquinted with the historical and cultural environment which the works of art belong. We can acknowledge the circle, style, school, and the interaction within which many works are created thanks to these signatures. For various reasons, it is observed that some masters do not have their signatures on their works. However in Turkish-Islamic art circles many important art works still have signatures. One of them is the Şehzade Mehmed Tomb which is the subject of our research. The epitaph which is written as makılî calligraphy in the müsenna style at Shehzade Mehmed Tomb, the name Muhammed/Mehmed is read as repeated four times. The signature which was not noticed within the design of the epitaph upto now has come out mysteriously with an interesting coincidence. What makes this signature mysterious is the expression of 'amilehu' which meant to be 'made it' when the word of 'Mehmed' is read from the opposite. Within the signature inscription on the tiles of Edirne Selimiye Mosque, by writing the name of the master 'Ali' in the reverse way beside the expression of 'amilehu', the reverse reading of the expression of 'amilehu' is also achieved. By getting together the names of 'Muhammed' and 'Ali' side by side, the epitaph is attributed a different meaning. Our research put forth that some epitaphs with makılî calligraphy in the müsenna style may have masters' signatures. By the addition of others to these two examples of signatures we present so far, many artists which are unknown upto today will be brought to light. Aziz DOĞANAY
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