Transformative Effect of Modernism: Sayyid Ahmad Khan and the Secularization of Jurisprudence (Ahkam)
S.A. Khan, who is, in the Indian subcontinent, the first and foremost representative of the modernist thought, which has arisen as a result of the increasing influence of the West in the Muslim world, stands out with his serious criticisms of the classical conception of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). In his approach to fiqh S.A. Khan, whose thought reflects substantive changes parallel to the growing impact of the British activities in the subcontinent, gives the central place to the distinction he makes between the religious matters and the secular ones. This study evaluates his arguments for the mentioned distinction, and examines some of the practical consequences of it with reference to slavery, theft, and jihad.
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