The Question of Knowledge and Science in Ibn Khaldun and Weber
This article involves a comparison between Ibn Haldun and Max Weber in terms of their views on knowledge and science. The two intellectuals are taken as the representatives of Islamic and Western civilizations, respectively, and their epistemological approaches are located in the intellectual context of each civilization. Drawing on a thorough reading of important works by these prominent scholars, it is argued that Ibn Khaldun's theory of knowledge and classification of sciences can be better understood within the framework of the 'Islamic epistemological paradigm', and Weber's view of knowledge and science in that of the 'Western epistemological paradigm' as they reflect the significant differences between these larger paradigms.
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