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Disiplinlerarası Çalışmalar Dergisi Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies

Hijrat Movement in India

As it is well known the Indian Muslim community has a strong feeling of identity with the world community of Islam. During the preceding centuries, they had seen the decline in the political power of Islamic countries as the European powers conquered the Muslim lands one after the other. After the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) and World War I (1914-1918), they thought that the European powers had played the leading role in the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire. So, under the leadership of the Ali Brothers, Maulana Muhammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali, the Muslims of South Asia launched the historic Khilafat Movement to try to save it. When the terms of the Treaty of Serves were announced in 1920, it caused deep resentment among the Muslims. Moulana Abdulbari, the well known Farangi Mahal religious scholar, declared that those Muslims who felt unrest in India under the British power could immigrate to a place where their religious and daily life was safe. After him, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, declared India as ‘‘Dar-al-Harb'' and urged Muslims to migrate. So the Hijrat movement took a start and a large number of Muslims left their country and home and migrated to Afghanistan in religious protest against the British policy towards the Ottoman Caliphate. The Afghan Government welcomed the migrants in the beginning but refused to accept them when the number increased later. The people who migrated to Afghanistan faced many difficulties and a large number of them perished in the way. After trying in Afghanistan, they realized that they had to return back to India but when they came they find themselves homeless and doomed forever. Halil TOKER
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