Village Institutes as a Modernisation Project
The interest in villages and peasants, which goes back to Constitutional Era, entered a new phase together with the establishment of village institutes and as a result of the efforts of incorporating the masses to large scale modernisation projects followed after the declaration of the Republic. In this article, the backgroud of the republican intellectuals' and political actors' increasing interest in the village institutes, the conflicts that emerged at the initial stage of these institutes, the establishment process, the implementation and the closure of the institutes are handled in a critical way. The discussions around village institutes are not limited to the period of transformation to multiparty politics and reach our day. Different approaches emerged as a result of different political positions. Village institutes consist of an important topic of interest since they reflect the period's conception of Westernisation and made its mark on Turkish intellectual world.
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