Turkish Nation-Building and the Arab Treason in the Context of Textbooks in the Early-Republican Period
It is today well-known in the academic literature that Sharif Husseins Revolt, which broke out in June 1916 in Mecca, was not a movement emerged by the participation of the majority of the Arabs with a nationalist aspiration. However, during the nation-building process in Turkey, which began with the abolition of the Caliphate, it was reflected by the Republican elites as a treasonous uprising undertaken by all Arabs to stab the Ottoman Caliph, in order to construct the Arab image as the Turks other. Taking this image into consideration, this study aims at an analysis of the representation of Arabs in textbooks in the early-Republican Turkey. In this regard, the study will firstly set out to clarify the nature of the Sharifs movement questioning the ideological aspect of the revolt as well as its proportion of support among the urban and Bedouin Arabs. This will be followed by an examination of Turkish schoolbooks to see the impact of Sharif Husseins Revolt on the Turkish-Nation building process.
M. Talha ÇİÇEK
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