An Ottoman Intellectual in Former Ottoman Lands: Rıza Tevfik in Jordan
In the final years of the Ottoman Empire, Arabs revolted many times. Their breakaway from the empire accelerated with the Great Arab Revolt in 1916. During the dissolution of the empire that began in 1919, many large and small states were founded. Many Ottoman intellectuals—who for one reason or another opted to leave the empire during this period—migrated to these states and played a key role in founding them. These intellectuals transmitted their experiences to these newly founded states. This study focuses on Rıza Tevfik, who first fled to Egypt and then to Jordan, where he conducted political, administrative, and cultural activities. It bases its discussion of Tevfik on various historical sources, including Arab newspapers of the period.
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